Global Guidelines: EU and UK Data And Digital Marketing
As a marketer, the United States is a pretty grand ol’ place to be. This is where Google was born and bred, and we have freedom with the data we can access and use to better target potential customers.
However, as great as America may be, this is not the only place where we do business, nor do our views on internet data apply worldwide. There is a decent chance you may encounter one or more of the following in your work as a digital marketer:
- Internationally targeted campaigns
- International clients
- Working abroad
As exciting and cosmopolitan as that all sounds, there are some serious issues that come along with your passport stamps: data privacy laws.
Data privacy laws have been the biggest topic of discussion in the United Kingdom and European Union in recent years. These Global Heat Maps from Forrester show the level of data privacy and protection by country– Europe encompasses the majority of nations at the “Restricted” or “Most Restricted” level.
Despite our relative data freedom in the US, these restrictions are worth discussing here, too, for the aforementioned reasons. If you find yourself in those situations (or are currently), here’s what you need to know.
UK & EU Data Privacy: The Basics
In January 2012, the EU proposed a major overhaul of the current policy on internet privacy, seeking to protect users and their personal data. Many of these regulations have recently been approved and will be put into place starting this year. UK policy is based directly on these new EU laws as well.
The new policies introduced these rights and regulations (Inigo Montoya version):
- Data protection is considered a human right
- Right to portability: allows individuals to obtain a copy of their data from one service provider and transfer it easily to another
- Right to be forgotten: allows individuals to request the elimination of personal data that are no longer needed or wanted
- Marketing is not considered an interest that overrides data protection.
- Users have the right to object/opt out of direct marketing
- Children under the age of 16 require certain permissions and targeting exemptions
For some additional, light reading you can consult the official handbook here. But that’s enough to get us started.
For the Digital Marketer
Maybe you’re smiling and nodding saying, “Sure. That seems pretty straightforward.” But in your head, you’re most likely thinking: I’m a marketer, not a lawyer. What do I do with all of this? How do I bring my amazing ads to people in the EU and not break the law? HOW?!
It’s not as scary as it sounds.
Digital marketing activities are expected to follow the internet privacy regulations regarding personal data protection. Digital marketing campaigns should have a purpose and be transparent. Most of this is related to what they call Online Behavioral Advertising (OBA) across the pond.
OBA refers to collecting data about browsing habits, search queries, etc. (i.e. all that Google Analytics goodness) to target customers and perform activities like remarketing. In the EU and UK, advertisers are required to provide “enhanced notice” by the advertiser of such data collection.
The Digital Advertising Alliance has made this easy to accomplish with AdChoices. Display ads on web and mobile browsers and mobile apps will have this icon:
Example display ad:
This icon, when clicked, directs users to the AdChoices website where they can learn how data about their interests is collected and used to deliver relevant ads. It also gives customers control of how they are targeted. Consumers can opt out of being targeted for a certain interests or by a specific company. Opting out of these things does not mean customers will be ad-free– it just means they won’t be targeted in that specific way.
If you want more information, the European Advertising Standards Alliance (of which the United Kingdom is a member) has published a full guide of best practices for digital communications, as well as guidelines for OBA specifically. Thrilling stuff.
Using Google Analytics in the EU/UK requires a little extra effort as well. You may have heard of the infamous EU “Cookie Law.”
Technically unrelated to Cookie Monster, but similar in that it sounds worse than it really is. The cookie law once required explicit consent from users before cookies could be placed on their browsers, which rendered tools like Google Analytics practically useless.
(Hint: You can use Google Tag Manager to display this message when a person arrives on your site!)
In Germany specifically, Google has offered a Chrome extension to internet users that disables the collection of any data for Google Analytics. Some of these data protection options were added as an amendment to Google Apps and extended to the rest of Europe, such as model contract clauses.
The differences in AdWords has less to do with data privacy laws, but there are often more restrictions than in the US that you should be mindful of when targeting internationally.
Currently, AdWords users in the EU operate under Google’s trademark policy. Using trademarks in ad text is subject to a number of restrictions. The United Kingdom and Ireland do have the “Approved (limited)” trademark approval status, for using trademarks in ad text– the same policy that applies to the US. A limited investigation is being conducted in EU/EFTA regions to determine whether using trademarks as selected keywords is confusing for users, but no restrictions exist at the moment.
Additional ad copy things to note:
- Country policies concerning gambling-related content and promotion of alcoholic beverages vary within the EU and compared to US
- Some eastern European countries can be targeted with longer text ads
- Ad text containing prescription drugs, pharmacies, and other medical items face greater limitations in the UK/EU than in the US
The US accounts for only 17% of searches worldwide, so broadening your campaigns to international markets (perhaps with Google AdWords Language Targeting) could be a really smart move. For those that may be attempting to write ads in a foreign language…
The amount of information here is so incredibly vast that you could write several blog posts about international SEO specifically. In fact, that’s what many people have done, so I suggest you take a look at these fine resources:
- Seer Interactive: Establishing Your International SEO Strategy
- MOZ: International SEO Checklist
- MOZ: 40+ Tools to Advance Your International SEO Process
There is a lot you can do optimize your international web presence, from website architecture (subdomain, subfolder, or country code top-level domains) to international keyword research (“pants” does not mean quite the same thing in the UK as it does here).
The Big Picture
Thanks to the internet, the world has gotten smaller, but not more similar– differences in culture, government regulations, and languages continually seem to complicate things. Hopefully, these guidelines will untangle things for those pursuing EU and UK markets. Some regulations are in flux and international efforts require our vigilance, but there’s an ocean of opportunity in global digital marketing, and it’s one definitely worth sailing.